Getting to know Yujing
Regional History and Development
The unique geography, industries, and cultural background gave rise to a set of unique philosophy and features of Yujing District. Out of the numerous and highly similar mango varieties cultivated in Taiwan, Yujing has created the unique and cultivar of Wenhuashe (cultured mango).
The green mountains and green curves at the bottom in the LOGO symbolize the unique hill culture of Yujing. The red mango outlines symbolize the passionate residents of Yujing, while the yellow mango shadows represent the District's delicious mangoes. 4 types of mango flavors were identified according to color. Green represented green mangoes, red represented apple mangoes, yellow represented banana mangoes, while blue represented processed mangoes.
During the 11th month of the Lunar Calendar (Zhongdong), the Tushezai mango trees will start to produce tiny yellow flowers in spite of the cold. These blossoms symbolize the impending arrival of the mango season. These blooms are soon joined by the bright red flowers of Irwin mango trees. The period before and after Duanwu Festival is the peak harvest period of Tushezai mangoes, while Irwin, Jinhwang, and Haden mangoes will start maturing at about the 6th month. Keitt mangoes will conclude the mango season in early autumn.
Yujing District is a natural hilly basin surrounded by mountains on four sides at the southeastern side of Tainan City. The area is blessed with abundant sunlight, fertile soil, and ample rain, making it highly suitable for the cultivation of various fruit trees, producing harvests of high quality and sweetness.
After 1961, western mango cultivars introduced from the United States were successfully tested and grown in Yujing. The hardworking orchard farmers employed advanced horticultural techniques that helped to establish the fine quality and reputation Yujing mangoes in both Taiwan and other countries. Yujing is now known as the Home of Taiwanese Mangoes with a total of 2000 hectares of mango orchards that account for half of the total cultivated land in this district. Mango cultivars include Irwin, Haden, Keitt, Jinhuang, and Yuwen No. 6.
Taiwan mango festivals are held every year since the 1990s. The event was further expanded in 1999 to become Yujing Mango Cultural Festival of Tainan County, becoming a unique cultural event and commercial activity to this region.
During the Dutch and Qing era, Yujing was known as Dawulong, and was settled by four Shufan (literally translated as civilized savages) indigenous settlements of the Cou People. These settlements were named Tapani She, Mangzaimang She, Xiaoli She, and Qiebashe (located in modern day Nansi District). The Tavocan Siraya people (from modern day Sin-Hua) were forced to relocate after their land was forcibly occupied by the Han settlers that arrived at Taiwan during the reign of Prince Zheng of the Ming Dynasty. The Siraya defeated the four Cou settlements and occupied their land instead. During the early years of Qing Emperor Yongzheng, Han settlers moved into the area and started building their villages. In 1920 (9th Year of the Japanese Emperor Taisho), the Japanese occupied Taiwan and renamed the area as Yujing (Jade Well) by approximating the pronunciation of Tapani to a Japanese equivalent, a name that is still in use to this very day. During the Japanese Occupation, the region was designated as Yujing Sho of Sin-Hua Ken (county) of Tainan Shu (prefecture), and was to be led by a village chief. After the retrocession of Taiwan, the area was renamed as Yujing Township. During the merger of Tainan County and City in 25 December 2010, Yujing Township was reestablished as Yujing District of Tainan City and placed under the direct jurisdiction of Tainan City Government. The entire district is divided into 10 villages and 175 neighborhoods.